Epigenetic Painting: Software as Genotype

Leonardo 23:1 (1990), Presented at ISEA 88 (Utrecht)

The author discusses a personal expert computer system driven by his own 'software art'. The software (with appropriate hardware) generates paintings and drawings that resemble the mature work of the artist's pre-electronic period, containing brush strokes that exhibit spontaneous qualities. The author outlines the prerequisite understaning necessary for writing the code, aspects of the software and hardware implementation, the biological analogue (epigenesis) and salient questions raised by the new procedure

Available at

"Notes on Epigenetic Art...", Genetic Art - Artificial Life

Ed K.Gerbel & P.Weibel, Vienna, 1993.

Algorithms & the Artist

Algorithms & the Artist, panel position, ISEA 94, Helsinki.

This essay was developed as a position paper for a panel on Algorithms and the Artist at the Fourth International Symposium on Electronic Art, Helsinki, September 1994. The panel, chaired by Peter Beyls (Belgium), included Brian Evans (US) and Steve Bell (UK). We presented a similar panel, with the addition of Jean Pierre Hebert and Ken Musgrave, at SIGGRAPH in LA the following year (1995).
Available at

This position statement is also posted with the ISEA '94�proceedings at

Notes on algorithm and art

Computer Graphics Proceedings, SIGGRAPH 95.

PIXEL, Le magazine des nouvelles images

Smith, Gregg, Roman Verostko, PIXEL, Le magazine des nouvelles images, n 29, Paris '96, p 32ff.

The article in PIXEL, Le magazine des nouvelles images is available in french at

Visual Proceedings

"Roman Verostko", Visual Proceedings, SIGGRAPH 97, ACM ,NY.� pp.52-57 (ISBN 0-89791-921-1; ISSN 1069-5419)

Artist's Statement in "The Derivation of the Laws. . ."

The Statement was published in the limited edition of George Boole's Derivation of the Laws� which is Chapter III,� from Boole's classic work: An Investigation of the Laws of Thought.. (Macmillan, 1854). The illustrations were generated with Verostko's software, Hodos. The limited edition of 125 copies, bound in leather, was pulled by hand at the St. Sebastian Press in Minneapolis in 1990. Each copy has original, "one of a kind", tipped in front and end pieces which were plotter drawn in the artist's studio. The work was also issued in paperback, in February 1991 (ISBN 1-879508-07-9). The press is no longer active. The artist retains a limited number of copies of each edition.
© Roman Verostko

SIGGRAPH Distinguished Artist Award: Roman Verostko
Leonardo - Volume 42, Number 4, August 2009, pp. 297-297
V&A Pattern: Digital Pioneers, Honor Bedard & Douglas Dodd, V&A Publishing, Victoria & Albert
Museum, London, 2009. ISBN 9781 1851775873
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Resume Select     Roman Verostko
Digital Art, Ed Wolf Lieser, Tandem Verlag GmbH H.F.Ullman. ( See Plotter
Drawing p 55 ff, English and German Editions, 2009, ISBN 978-8331-5337-2
Hortus Conclusus Nazarenus: Flowers of Learning, Spalding University, Louisville, Kentucky, USA, 2006.
A 24 page catalogue documents the Flowers of Learning, a mural at Spalding.
"Legitimnost algoritamske grafičke umjetnosti (I)", by Vlatko Čerić, in GRAFIKA III, No.7-8, Oct 2005-
March 2006, pp 18-22, Zagreb 2006.
Painting the Digital River, by James Faure Walker (Pentice Hall, 2006). See   Chapter 7, "Strange Plants",
esp. pp. 234 ff  
Art et Biotechnologies, Collection Esthétique, Sous la direction de Louise Poissant et   Ernestine Daubner,  
Presses de l'Université du Quebec, Publications de l'Université de Saint-Étienne, 2005, ISBN 2-7605-1328-
9; ISBN 2-86272-381-9, DVD format, an anthology of   artists who have created art with   intelligent
automata.Artists bios and art works with key word cross referencing.  
"Roman and the Algorithmic Revolution", by Alice Wagstaff, PhD in Roman Verostko: Pearl Park
Scriptures, 2005, [DAM], Digital Art Museum, Tucholskystr. 37, D-10017, Berlin. Printed by Hoffman
Druck, GmbH, Wolgast
Pixel, créativité, “Le retour de la Peinture”, by Paul Schmitt,   in Pixel, créativité, reviewing   Siggraph 03:
Art Gallery - p.68-69   numéro 82, 2003. Cited in the article:   Roman Verostko ( . (PIXEL SA
37, rue d’Amsterdam - 75008 Paris)    
"Epigenetic Art Revisited: Software as Genotype" in Code - the language of our time, Ars Electronica 2003,
pp.156-167. Gerfried Stocker & Christine Schöpf editors and editing by Ingrid Fischer Schreiber.  
Published by Hatje Cantz Verlag, 73760 Osterfilden-Ruit, Germany, 2003.  
Maureen A. Nappi, Language, Memory and Volition: Toward an Aesthetics of Computer Arts, PhD Thesis,
Chapter V discusses the   aesthetics of   Roman's "Illuminated Universal Turing Machine", pp. 163-180, New
York University, Department of Art & Art Professions, 2002.
Steve Dietz Interview with Roman Verostko, 6/27/2002. Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Video
documentary. Steve Dietz, New Media Curator, The Walker Art Center, interviews RV.  
Explorations in Art and Technology, Springer, London (2002),   Candy, Linda and Edmonds, Ernest, pp. 131
The Computer in the Visual Arts, Spalter, Ann Morgan,   Addison-Wesley Pub Co; ISBN: 0201386003; 1st
edition (1999).
"Machine-Made Works That Look Crafted by Hand", Chronicle of Higher Education, March 2nd, 2001,
End Paper / Chronicle review of Roman Verostko's Exhibition of Algorithmic Fine Art.
"Algorithms + computer + canvas = art: Roman Verostko/Arizona State University", review by   Megan
Bates in The Arizona Republic, Feb. 1, 2001.
Roman Verostko, PIXEL, Le magazine des nouvelles images, No. 29, by Gregg Smith, Paris 1996. p 32ff.  
"ART; A Family and Its Gallery Click on the Future" by William Zimmer, New York Times, 2/18/1996.
"Roman Verostko" in Der Prix Ars Electronica: Internationales Kompendium der Computerkunste, pp 48-
49, Veritas Verlag, Lintz, Austria, 1993, ISBN 3-7058-0086-8.  
"Computer art wizard expands our parameters of consciousness", The Edge, December 1992/Jan 1993, p. 5.  
"Charming is best word for describing Verostko's paintings", Don Morrison, The Minneapolis Star, Nov.
16, 1972, p.7B.  
"Sculptures de Ciment. Monastery de Saint-Vincent, Roman Verostko", Art D'Église No: 142 1968
"Community and Privacy for Benedictines", Architectural Record, November 1967.  
Roman J. Verostko, Exhibition Catalogue, Westmoreland County Museum of Art, Greensburg,
Pennsylvania 1965.

2009. V&A Pattern: Digital Pioneers, V&A Publishing, London , plates 36 ff.   ISBN 9781851775873
2008. Imaging by Numbers: A Historical View of the Computer Print by Debora Wood,   Exhibition
Catalogue, Mary Leigh Block Museum of Art, Northwestern University, IL, USA, p 30-31.
2007. Feedback:Art Responsive to instructions, input, or its environment, Christiane Paul, Gemima Rellie,
and Charlie Gere (Curators & contributers),   LABoral Centro de Arte y Creación Industrial, Gijón, Asturias,
Spain, 2007.   ISBN 978-84-611-5881-2. Verostko ref:   pp.104 ff. & 272.
2006. 20th Century Computer Art: Beginnings & Developments, The work and thought of pioneers and
contemporary practitioners of algorithmic art. Roman Verostko, pp.84-90, ( Toma Art University Museum,
Tokyo, 2006)   Exhibition 11/03/2006-12/17/.2006.  
2006, 2005, 2004, 2003,2002, 1997,1995,1992, 1990 , Electronic art and animation catalog, SIGGRAPH,
Computer Graphics Annual Conference Series, Association for Computing Machinery, Inc., 1515
Broadway, NY 10286-1405
ComputerKUNST /ComputerART 2006, Textbeiträge: Jürgen Claus, Redaktion: Dr. Wolfgang Schneider,
Museum der Stadt Gladbeck, HEWEA-Druck, Gladbeck. ISBN: 3-923815-43-3.
Die Algorithmische Revolution, ZKM: Zentrum für Kunst und Medientechnologie, Karlsuhe, Germany,
Contemporary Art And The Mathematical Instinct, Tweed Museum of Art, University of Minnesota,
Duluth, MN, 2004, p.51.  
Electronic art and animation catalog, SIGGRAPH 2004, Computer Graphics Annual Conference Series, pp
89-91. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc., 1515 Broadway, NY, 10286-1405  
Computerkunst 2008, 2006, 2004, 2002, 1998, 1996, 1994, Wolfgang Schneider, Editor. Gladbeck,
Computerkunst 2000: Die Preisträger des Goldenen Plotters / The Prizewinners of the Golden Plotter,
Gladbeck 1986-1998. Wolfgang Schneider, Editor. Includes   works, articles and commentary on Roman
Verostko, Golden Plotter winner in 1994. The exhibition catalogue includes work by 11 winners.  
Leonardo Special Editions on the Digital Salon (1995 v27-no.5,1996 v29-no.5, 1997 v30-no.5) includes
RJV's exhibition items.
ARTEC 95: The Fourth International Biennale in Nagoya, exhibition catalogue, "Roman Verostko:
Fourfield Illumination" p.113, Nagoya City Art Museum & Nagoya City Science Museum 1995.  
Elastic Visions, Exhibition Catalogue, Zoller Gallery, Pennsylvania State University, 1994.  
"Diamond Lake Apocalypse: Illuminated Chaotic Scripts", ISEA '94 Catalogue, The Fifth International
Symposium on Electronic Art, University of Art & Design, Helsinki, Finland, p.61.  
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Resume Select     Roman Verostko
Notizen zur Epigenetischen Kunst: Die Ezechiel Serie (Notes on Epigenetic Art: the Ezekiel Series) in
Genetische Kunst - Kunstliches Leben (Genetic Art - Artificial Life), Edited by Karl Gerbel and Peter
Weibel, (ISBN 3-901196-072, Vienna, 1993) pp 334-337.  
SICAF 92: Seoul International Computer Art Festival, Exhibition catalogue, Seoul, 1992, p.23
Dada / Data: Developing Media Since 1970, Exhibition catalogue, Baltimore, 1991,  
Crash: Computer Assisted Hard Copy, Exhibition Catalogue, Beloit College Museums and the Department
of Art, University of Wisconsin, 1988, pp.74-75.  
Recap: 1972-77, Exhibition   Catalogue, Trajectory Gallery, April 15-May 20 London, Ontario, Canada.
(Stephan Joy curator)